Sunday, March 5, 2017

Uttar Pradesh Analysis of Candidates Consolidated

Uttar Pradesh Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of 4823 out of 4853 candidates who have contested in the Uttar Pradesh 2017 Assembly Elections. 31 candidates were not analysed due to unclear affidavit available on the ECI website at the time of making this report. The following is a consolidated summary of the same. 
For Full reports in Hindi and English click here: http://adrindia.org/content/five-state-assembly-elections-2017 

S.No.
Name
Party
Constituency
District
1
SUSHIL
IND
Mungra Badshahpur
Jaunpur
2
BUDDHU RAM
Gandhi Ekta Party
Shivpur
Varanasi
3
ANAND GOPAL MISHRA
National Youth Party
Zafrabad
Jaunpur
4
DEEPAK
IND
Zafrabad
Jaunpur
5
GHAN SHYAM DUBEY
Lok Dal
Zafrabad
Jaunpur
6
HARENDRA
BJP
Zafrabad
Jaunpur
7
RAJENDR
IND
Zafrabad
Jaunpur
8
VIJAY PRATAP
IND
Gaura
Gonda
9
RAKESH PRATAP SINGH
SP
Gauriganj
Amethi
10
KHALID KHAN
BSP
Kaiserganj
Bahraich
11
RAM KARAN ARYA
SP
Mahadewa (SC)
Basti
12
PRAMOD KUMAR
RLD
Rudhauli
Basti
13
CHHAYA ASTHANA
Bhartiya Shakti Chetna Party
Bakshi Kaa Talab
Lucknow
14
DINESH KUMAR SHUKLA
IND
Bakshi Kaa Talab
Lucknow
15
GOMTI YADAV
SP
Bakshi Kaa Talab
Lucknow
16
NAKUL DUBEY
BSP
Bakshi Kaa Talab
Lucknow
17
RAKESH YADAV RANA
Manuvadi Party
Bakshi Kaa Talab
Lucknow
18
MANOJ KUMAR RAJVANSHI
SP
Hargaon (SC)
Sitapur
19
ANURAG DIXIT (MUNNA)
IND
Lucknow Cantt.
Lucknow
20
DR. NAFEES AHMAD
Rastriya Insaaf Party
Lucknow Central
Lucknow
21
CHHEDALAL SATHI
IND
Mohanlalganj (SC)
Lucknow
22
MALTI DAVI RAWAT
IND
Mohanlalganj (SC)
Lucknow
23
SHIV SHANKAR SINGH
BSP
Sarojini Nagar
Lucknow
24
PRABHAKAR PANDEY
Nirbal Indian Shoshit Hamara Aam Dal
Sikandra
Kanpur Dehat
25
DINESH KUMAR JAISWAL
IND
Sitapur
Sitapur
26
KUSUM DEVI
Bharatiya Subhash Sena
Kasta (SC)
Kheri
27
SHIV KUMAR MAURYA
RPI(A)
Nighasan
Kheri
28
PARMESH VASHISHTHA
Rashtriya Kisan Majdoor Party
Anupshahr
Bulandshahar
29
JILE SINGH
SHS
Meerut Cantt.
Meerut
30
CHAHAN SINGH
SHS
Meerut South
Meerut
* Affidavit badly scanned, not readable.



Phase Wise Summary of Candidates
Phase
No. of contesting candidates
No. of Candidates analysed
No. of Constituencies
No. of Candidates with Criminal Cases
% of Candidates with Criminal Cases
No. of Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases
% of Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases
No. of Crorepati Candidates
% of Crorepati Candidates
Average Assets (Rs.)
Date of Poll (2016)
1
839
836
73
168
20%
143
17%
302
36%
Rs.2.81 Crores
11th February
2
721
719
67
107
15%
84
12%
256
36%
Rs.2.01 Crores
15th February
3
826
813
69
110
14%
82
10%
250
31%
Rs.1.61 Crore
19th February
4
680
680
53
116
17%
95
14%
189
28%
Rs.1.90 Crore
23rdFebruary
5
617
612
52
117
19%
96
16%
168
27%
Rs.1.56 Crore
27th February
6
635
635
49
126
20%
109
17%
160
25%
Rs.1.59 Crore
4th March
7
535
528
40
115
22%
95
18%
132
25%
Rs.1.58 Crore
8th March
Total
4853
4823
403
859
18%
704
15%
1457
30%
Rs.1.91 Crore


Criminal Background

·       Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of the 4823 candidates analysed in 2017859 (18%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves. Out of 6590 candidates analysed during Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections in 20121278 (19%) candidates had declared criminal cases against themselves.
·         Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 704 (15%) candidates have declared serious criminal cases including cases related to Rape,murder, attempt to murder, kidnapping, culpable homicide, communal disharmonyelectoral violationscrimes against womenetc.Out of 6590 candidates analysed during Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections in 2012557 (8%) Candidates had declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
·         Candidates with cases related to murder62 candidates have declared cases related to murder (Indian Penal Code Section-302).
·         Candidates with cases related to Attempt to Murder: 148 candidates have declared cases of attempt to murder (IPC Section-307).
·         Candidates with cases related to Crimes against Women: 38 candidates have declared cases related to crimes against women.  Out of 38 candidates 10 candidates have declared cases related to rape (IPC Section-376).
·         Candidates with cases related to Kidnapping: 34 candidates have declared cases related to kidnapping.
·         Candidates with cases related to communal disharmony: 22 candidates have declared cases related to communal disharmony.
·         Candidates with cases related to electoral violations: 63 candidates have declared cases related to electoral violations.
·         Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: 150 (38%) out of 400 candidates from Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)137 (36%) out of 383 candidates from Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), 113 (37%) out of 307 candidates from Samajwadi Party (SP)56 (20%) out of 276candidates fielded by Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD), 36 (32%) out of 114 candidates from Indian National Congress (INC), and 150 (10%) out of 1453 Independent candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
·         Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases123 (31%) out of 400 candidates from BSP100 (26%) out of 383 candidates from BJP88 (29%) out of 307 candidates from SP48 (17%) out of 276 candidates fielded by RLD, 25 (22%) out of 114 candidates fielded by INC and 134 (9%) out of 1453 Independent candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.


·         Red Alert Constituencies*: 152 (38%) constituencies in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections have 3 or more candidates with declared criminal cases.
*Red Alert Constituencies are those which have 3 or more candidates with criminal cases contesting elections.


Financial Background


·         Share of wealth among candidates : The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in assembly elections Uttar Pradesh is as follows:
Value of assets (Rs.)
No of candidates
Percentage of Candidates
5 cr and above
453
9%
2 crores to 5 crores
532
11%
50 lakhs to 2 crores
999
21%
10 lakhs to 50 lakhs
1269
26%
less than 10 lakhs
1570
33%
Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

·         Crorepati CandidatesOut of the 4823 candidates analysed1457 (30%) are crorepatis. Out of 6590 candidates analysed duringUttar Pradesh 2012 assembly elections, 1319 (20%) candidates were crorepatis.

·         Party wise Crorepati Candidates: 335 (84%) out of 400 fielded by BSP302 (79%) out of 383 candidates from BJP243 (79%) out of 307 candidates from SP99 (36%) out of 276 candidates from RLD, 75 (66%) out of 114 candidates fielded by INC, 24 (30%)out of 80 candidates fielded by Lok Dal, 17 (25%) out of 68 candidates fielded by Peace Party, 3 (10%) out of 30 candidates of NCP and182 (13%) out of 1453 Independent candidates have declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.
·         Average assets: The average of assets per candidate contesting in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2016 is Rs 1.91 Crore.
·         Party wise average assets: Among major parties, the average assets per candidate for 400 BSP candidates is Rs 6.27 Crores383 BJPcandidates have average assets of Rs 5.00 Crores, 307 SP candidates have average assets worth Rs 4.38 Crores, 276 RLD candidates have average assets worth Rs 1.98 Crore114 INC candidates have average assets worth Rs 6.30 Crores, 80 Lok Dal candidates have average assets worth Rs 1.34 Crore, average assets of 68 Peace Party candidates are Rs 86.94 Lakhs, 69 CPI candidates have average assets of Rs 37.42 Lakhs and 1453 Independent candidates have average assets of Rs. 70.33 Lakhs.

·         High asset candidates*:  The 3 richest candidates contesting in the Uttar Pradesh 2016 Assembly Elections are given below:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
AGRA
AGRA SOUTH
INC
1,94,21,70,975
17,25,40,000
2,11,47,10,975
 211 Crore+
Y
2
AZAMGARH
MUBARAKPUR
BSP
1,11,83,97,354
6,92,24,000
1,18,76,21,354
 118 Crore+
Y
3
MATHURA
MANT
BJP
16,77,76,333
97,52,05,508
1,14,29,81,841
 114 Crore+
Y
Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets



·         Zero asset candidate: There are 13 candidates who have declared Zero assets in their self sworn affidavits. The details of these candidates is given below.
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
SHAMLI
THANA BHAWAN
IND
0
0


N
2
MORADABAD
MORADABAD RURAL
IND
0
0


N
3
BAREILLY
AONLA
IND
0
0


N
4
KHERI
PALIA
IND
0
0


N
5
LUCKNOW
LUCKNOW WEST
CPI
0
0


N
6
SITAPUR
LAHARPUR
Awami Samta Party
0
0


N
7
PRATAPGARH
PRATAPGARH
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
0
0


Y
8
GORAKHPUR
CHAURI-CHAURA
IND
0
0


Y
9
AZAMGARH
GOPALPUR
IND
0
0


N
10
AZAMGARH
MUBARAKPUR
RLD
0
0


N
11
VARANASI
VARANASI CANTT.
Bharat Kalyan Party
0
0


Y
12
VARANASI
SEVAPURI
IND
0
0


N
13
SONBHADRA
OBRA (ST)
IND
0
0


N
Table: Candidates who have declared zero assets

·         Low asset candidates: There are 411 (excluding candidates with zero assets) candidates who have declared assets below Rs. 1 lakhs.

·         Candidates with high liabilities: The top three candidates with highest liabilities are as given below;
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Total Assets(Rs)
Liabilities (Rs)
1
ALLAHABAD
ALLAHABAD SOUTH
BJP
57,11,03,000 
 57 Crore+
26,02,65,000 
 26 Crore+
2
AGRA
AGRA SOUTH
IND
34,05,04,157 
 34 Crore+
16,61,74,785 
 16 Crore+
3
JAUNPUR
MARIYAHU
BSP
51,02,06,901 
 51 Crore+
15,06,39,692 
 15 Crore+
 Table: Top three candidates with high liabilities

·         Undeclared PAN:  A total of 1210 (25%) out of the 4823 candidates analysed have not declared their PAN details.

·         Candidates with high income as declared in the ITR*: 7 candidates have declared total annual income of more than Rs 2 Crore. These candidates are as given below:
S.No.
Name
Party Name
Constituency
District Name
Total Asset (Rs)
The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by candidate
Total income shown by candidate in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)
Self income shown by candidate in ITR (Rs)
1
INC
AGRA SOUTH
AGRA
2,11,47,10,975  211 Crore+
2015-2016
16,09,99,819  16 Crore+
15,80,04,606  15 Crore+
2
BSP
MARIYAHU
JAUNPUR
51,02,06,901  51 Crore+
2016-2017
8,79,18,230  8 Crore+
8,39,97,960  8 Crore+
3
BSP
RASARA
BALLIA
40,19,86,172  40 Crore+
2015-2016
4,88,85,350  4 Crore+
3,13,71,470  3 Crore+
4
SP
CHARTHAWAL
MUZAFFARNAGAR
11,44,31,171  11 Crore+
2014-2015
3,48,85,464  3 Crore+
3,32,27,332  3 Crore+
5
SP
ALIGARH
ALIGARH
40,94,69,000  40 Crore+
2016-2017
3,45,55,477  3 Crore+
3,35,96,747  3 Crore+
6
RLD
CHHAPRAULI
BAGHPAT
38,04,96,393  38 Crore+
2015-2016
2,34,15,209  2 Crore+
56,92,649  56 Lacs+
7
Nirbal Indian Shoshit Hamara Aam Dal
RANIGANJ
PRATAPGARH
60,94,000  60 Lacs+
2015-2016
2,29,32,955  2 Crore+
2,29,32,955  2 Crore+
 Table: Candidates with high income as declared in ITR
*Total income includes income of self, spouse and dependents

·         Candidates who have not declared Income Tax Details*: 2790 (58%) out of 4823 candidates analysed have not declared income tax details.
* Some candidates may be exempted from filing Income Tax Returns

·         Candidates with high Assets who have not declared Income Tax Details*: 218 candidates with assets worth more than Rs. 1 Crore have not declared Income Tax details. The top three candidates with highest assets who have not declared their IT returns are as given below:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Age of candidate
Total Income (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
Self Income
1
GONDA
COLONELGANJ
BJP
54
0
49,05,62,192 49 Crore+
Y
ITR not filed
2
HATHRAS
SIKANDRA RAO
IND
63
0
20,86,81,087 20 Crore+
Y
ITR not filed
3
GHAZIABAD
LONI
BSP
38
0
18,97,50,228 18 Crore+
Y
ITR not file
 Table: Top three candidates with highest assets who have not declared ITR details
* Some candidates may be exempted from filing Income Tax Returns

·         Education details of candidates: 1991 (41%) candidates have declared their educational qualification to be between 5th pass and 12thpass, while 2299 (48%) candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate and above. 356 (7%) candidates have declared themselves to be just literate and 54 candidates are  Iliterates
·         Age details of candidates: 3334 (69%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 and 50 years while 1440 (30%) candidates have declared their age to be between 51 and 80 years. While candidates have declared they are more than 80 years old, 40 candidates have not disclosed their age details and 2 candidates decleared their age below 24 years.
Gender details of candidates: 445 (9%) women candidates are contesting in the Uttar Pradesh assembly election this year.  Out of 6590 candidates analysed in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections 2012527 (8%) candidates were women.

​Thanks & Regards​
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IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)
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IIM Bangalore
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Association for Democratic Reforms
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