Three scientists shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their ground-breaking work on the immune system which the jury said opened up new prospects for curing cancer and other diseases. Laureates are Bruce Beutler of the United States, Jules Hoffmann of Luxembourg and Ralph Steinman of Canada.
The jury said in a statement, that this year's Nobel laureates have revolutionised our understanding of the immune system by discovering key principles for its activation.
The three lauded for their work on immunology the body's complex defence system in which signalling molecules unleash antibodies and killer cells in response to invading germs and viruses.
Beutler and Hoffmann, who shared one half of the 10 million Swedish kronor (USD 1.48 million) prize, discovered receptor proteins that activate the first step in the body's immune response system.
Steinman, who won the other half, discovered the dendritic cells, allowing the immune system to identify and attack the harmful micro-organisms while staying clear of the body's own endogenous molecules.
They will receive their prize at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.
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