Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Rs 4.27 lakh crore notes issued after demonetisation: RBI

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today hit out at Congress alleging that the party did not take a single step against corruption or black money in its 10 years of UPA regime. Talking to media, the Finance Minister said, corruption peaked during Congress regime. He said, it is not surprising that Congress is uncomfortable with NDA campaign against black money.
Mr Jaitley said, the government is now rapidly completing the demonetisation scheme, and significant amounts will be injected in next three weeks. The Minister urged the Opposition to rise above slogans and join the campaign against black money, saying government is ready to debate this issue in Parliament.
Earlier, former Finance Minister and senior Congress leader P Chidambaram termed the demonetisation move as the biggest scam of the year. He questioned how new 2000 rupees notes were hoarded by several people despite cap on withdrawal.
RBI has said that currency notes worth over Rs 4.27 lakh crore have been issued to public through banks and ATMs following the demonetisation of old high value bills. The Bank also said that it “will shortly” issue Rs 500 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series, without any inset letter, bearing signature of Governor Urjit R Patel.
Consequent to the announcement of withdrawal of legal tender status of banknotes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 from the midnight of November 8, 2016, the central bank made arrangements for exchange and/or deposit of such notes.
The central bank in a statement said that the RBI has also made arrangements for supply of adequate quantity of banknotes in various denominations to the public through banks.
During the period from November 10, 2016 and December 7, 2016, banks have reported that banknotes worth Rs 4,27,684 crore have been issued to public either over the counter or through ATMs.
Reserve Bank of India has directed banks to keep record of new notes in view of seizures by Income Tax Department and other law enforcement agencies of large quantities of high denomination notes.
The RBI said, the banks are advised to maintain a daily record of issuances showing the serial numbers of 500 rupee notes and above received from RBI, branches of their own and other banks and post offices on daily basis. AIR Correspondent reports that Finance Ministry on Sunday had asked all public sector banks to strictly maintain record of deposits made through both old 500 and 1,000 rupee notes and other valid currencies.
Central Bureau of Investigation, CBI has arrested a senior RBI official in Bengaluru for allegedly helping touts convert old demonetised notes into new.
Senior Special Assistant of RBI, K Michael was arrested for involvement in changing 1.51 crore rupees. CBI has recovered 16 lakh rupees in new currency from the accused.
CBI has also arrested an alleged hawala operator KV Veerendra in connection with seizure of 5 crore 70 lakh rupees of new currency notes from his premises in Karanataka.
CBI has also registered a case against officials of four banks, State Bank of India, State Bank of Mysore, ICICI Bank and Kotak Mahindra Bank. The Central Agency said, Veerendra was produced before Special court in Bengaluru today which has sent him to six days of CBI custody for questioning.
Reserve Bank of India has said that it has not initiated any action to cancel Axis Bank’s licence following allegations of irregularities at some of its branches after the demonetisation of high value notes.
The clarification comes amid rumours in a segment of the media that the bank was likely to lose its banking licence.
Customers making digital payment for purchase of petrol and diesel will get a discount of 0.75 per cent on the sale price of fuel from today. In a statement, Indian Oil Corporation said, the amount of discount will be credited to customers account by way of cash back within maximum three working days of the transaction.
The 0.75 per cent discount on payments will be available on using credit cards, debit cards, mobile wallets or Prepaid Loyalty Cards.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had last week announced various measures including discounts on on-line payments for insurance policies, rail tickets and highway toll charges as the government looked to promote digital cash post demonetisation.
Assam, police today raided a local businessman’s house in Guwahati and seized about Rs 1.55 crore in new Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 currency notes.
Additional Director General of Police CID) Anil Kumar Jha told PTI that a CID team acting on a tip-off seized the money from the house of a bussinessman who owns a hotel and bar an runs shop rental business in the city.
He said during the operation at the house in Beltola area of the city, the police seized Rs 1,54,06,000 crore of Rs 2,000 notes and Rs 75,000 in new Rs 500 notes.
The police have handed over the case to income tax department and its deputy commissioner P Borah is carrying out further investigation, the senior police official added.

Cyrus Mistry : Vijay Singh cooking up theories

Cyrus Mistry on Sunday escalated his war of words with Tatas by accusing Vijay Singh, a nominee director on the Tata Sons board, of cooking up theories to defend his role in the conspiracy hatched by Ratan Tata to sack him as the Chairman.
Mistry also claimed that being a part of the Nominations and Remuneration Committee (NRC) of Tata Sons, Singh had on June 28, 2016 given a glowing review of Mistry’s performance as the chairman of the Tata Group.
On charges that Mistry was doing nothing at Tata Motors, the ousted chairman claimed that Singh had stated that Tata Motors has come up with some of their best models in recent years under his watch.

Pankaj Advani wins 11th World Billiards Championship

Indian  Pankaj Advani has won his 11th World Billiards (150-Up format) Championships title in the summit clash in Bengaluru, Karnataka yesterday.
Pankaj Advani defeated Peter Gilchrist of Singapore. He beats multiple world champion Gilchrist by six games to three in a gripping final contest, to wrap up his 16th world title overall. In the semi-finals earlier today, Advani overcame Myanmar’s Aung Htay 5-0, while Gilchrist defeated India’s Dhvaj Haria 5-1.

Donald Trump picks Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State

US President-elect Donald Trump has picked ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson as his Secretary of State. In a tweet, Mr Trump said, he will be making the announcement on the Secretary of State tomorrow. If confirmed by the Senate, Tillerson will replace John Kerry as the Secretary of State.
Tillerson is a veteran chief executive who has had extensive overseas business dealings. Soon after the tweet former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, who was one of the leading contenders for the post, said he would not be the Secretary of State. Several US Senators are reportedly opposing the nomination of Tillerson.

Tribute to Camilo José Cela

foto destacada

Homenaje a Camilo José Cela

Tribute to Camilo José Cela
El sábado 17 de diciembre en el Instituto Cervantes de Nueva Delhi recordaremos el centenario del nacimiento del premio Nobel de literatura, Camilo José Cela con las siguientes actividades:
On the 17th of December at the Instituto Cervantes in New Delhi we will pay tribute to the birth centenary of the Spanish winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature Camilo José Cela with the following activities:
12:00 p.m. (Biblioteca, Instituto Cervantes)
Conferencia y recital poético-musical: “Camilo José Cela”/ Talk and Poetry-Music Recital: “Camilo José Cela”
Por/by: Sonya Surabhi Gupta y varios traductores
4:30 p.m. (Auditorio, Instituto Cervantes)
Cine: “La Colmena” / Cinema: “The Beehive”
Por/by: Mario Camus
In Spanish with English subtitles.
6:00 p.m. (Oxford Bookstore, Connaught Place)
Lecturas dramatizadas: “La eterna canción”, “Don Homobono y los grillos” y “La tierra de promisión” / Dramatised reading: “The Eternal Song” , “Don Homobono and the Crickets” and “The Land of Promise” by Camilo José Cela
Por/by: Third Space Collective, dir. Neel Sengupta
El novelista, periodista, ensayista, editor de revistas literarias, conferencista, y académico de la Real Academia Española durante 45 años Camilo José Cela, galardonado, entre otros, con el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras en 1987, el Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1989 y el Premio Cervantes en 1995. Por sus méritos literarios, en 1996 el rey Juan Carlos I le otorgó el marquesado de Iria Flavia, creado ex profeso. Empezamos con una conferencia y recital poético musical, donde podremos escuchar una pequeña muestra de su poesía, tanto en idioma original como en traducciones al hindi, urdu, bengalí y marathi, intercaladas con piezas musicales de compositores coetáneos de Cela, o que han tomado alguna de sus obras como punto de inspiración presentado por Sonya Surabhi Gupta y varios traductores. Este sera seguido por la pelicula “La Colmena” de Mario Camus. La colmena representa las secuelas de la Guerra Civil española y su impacto en varios personajes. Cela también aparece en un pequeño papel como Matías. Concluímos con como una serie de lecturas dramatizadas mostrando los géneros que Cela cultivo a lo larga y prolífica carrera, el relato corto. En la selección que hemos hecho para la ocasión se puede encontrar es el realismo irónico y a veces grotesco que se haya presente en la obra del premio Nobel. Las lecturas dramatizadas seran presentadas a cargo del grupo Third Space Collective dirigidos por Neel Sengupta(+)
The novelist, journalist, essayist, editor of literary magazines, lecturer and academic of the Spanish Royal Academy for 45 years Camilo José Cela, was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature in 1987, the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1989 and the Cervantes Prize in 1995. For his literary merits, in 1996, King Juan Carlos also made him the Marquis of Iria Flavia, which was created ex profeso. We begin with a talk and poetry-music recital, where we listen to a small sample of his poetry, both in original language and in translations to Hindi, Urdu, Bengali and Marathi, interspersed with musical pieces of contemporary composers of Cela, presented by Sonya Surabhi Gupta and various translators. This will be followed by the movie “The Beehive” directed by Mario Camus. The hive represents the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War and its impact on various characters. Cela also appears in a small role as Matias. We conclude witha series of dramatized readings showcasing the genres that Cela cultivated in his long and prolific career The three short stories by Camilo José Cela will show us a glimpse of his narrative style known as “tremendismo”, with a tendency to emphasize violence and grotesque imagery, and also with a fine sense of humor and irony. The dramatized readings will be presented by the group Third Space Collective directed by Neel Sengupta(+)
Free Entry to all events.
foto agendaInauguración 14/12/2016
Sala de exposiciones, Instituto Cervantes a las 7:00 p.m.Exposición: “Mitos y rituales de las máscaras tradicionales de Portugal” por Balbina Mendes
Sobre la exposición: Como los personajes que representa, Balbina es resistente y no se ajusta a la naturaleza superficial de los días, a los lugares sin referencia y a tiempo sin tiempo. Balbina pinta la permanencia del ritual, el profano que aspira a la fuerza espiritual, primitiva, de manera auténtica que muestra origen, formación y emoción. Las pinturas de Balbina ocupan principalmente este lugar de preservación de la memoria cultural, su cultura, para mostrar que cada pintura es en sí misma el uso de un hábito, la realización de una danza. Pero contrariamente a sus personajes, aquí el autor quita la máscara – la máscara de la vida cotidiana – y objetivamente persigue la búsqueda del origen, de lo intemporal, de la emoción pura. Y así, cada pintura es otra etapa de una búsqueda, cada pintura es una transformación espiritual. Los caretos de Tras-os-Montes que Balbina Mendes pinta son la esencia pura de una sociedad que permanece viva, que perdura, incluso resiliente para no sucumbir ante las presiones contemporáneas de ser igual a todos. Está allí en contra de las probabilidades en la continuidad de un tiempo que parece ya no existir, que ya no parece encajar en la anormalidad de los días, lleno de intereses comunes y triviales.(+)
Exhibition: “Myths and Rites in the traditional masks of Portugal” by Balbina Mendes
About the exhibition: “We wear the habit, we put on the mask and go out to the street dancing as an action of social, cultural and personal intervention – We are spirits that are released! – We are a celebration of life!” As the characters she represents, Portuguese artist Balbina Mendes is resilient and does not conform to the superficial nature of days, to places without reference and to time without time. Balbina paints the permanence of the ritual, the profane that aspires to the spiritual, primal force, in authentic way that shows origin, formation and emotion.Balbina’s paintings occupy firstly this place of preservation of cultural memory, its culture, in order to show that each painting is itself the wearing of a habit, the performing of a dance. But contrary to her characters, here the author removes the mask – the mask of everyday life – and objectively pursues the search of the origin, of the timeless, of pure emotion. And so, each painting is another stage of a quest, each painting is a spiritual transformation. (+)
Free Entry
foto agenda15/12/2016
India Habitat Centre, a las 7:00 p.m.Conferencia: “Larga vida al Caballero de La Mancha: Relevancia de Don Quijote en nuestros tiempos” por Vibha Maurya y Proyección: “El caballero don Quijote” de Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
Sinopsis: La hispanista Vibha Maurya, traductora del Quijote al hindi, nos hablará de la relevancia en nuestros tiempos de la obra universal de Miguel de Cervantes. También mostraremos una proyección de la pelicula “El caballero don Quijote”. Después de que un viejo soldado llamado Miguel de Cervantes recogiera las aventuras de Don Quijote y su escudero Sancho, éstos se han hecho famosos. Tras saber que el Turco baja por la costa con una peligrosa armada, Don Alonso Quijano, el caballero don Quijote de la Mancha, saldrá, una vez más, y con la oposición de su sobrina y de su ama, a una nueva batalla que empezará en la Mancha y terminará en la costa. Vestido con su armadura de estilo renacentista, bastante anticuada para la época, 1615, el “loco” caballero andante del que todos se burlan emprenderá sus aventuras con su fiel escudero. Se topará con su siguiente aventura en medio del camino. Aceptará las honras y homenajes del Duque, quien por burla le dice que para desencantar a Dulcinea Sancho debe recibir algunos miles de azotes. (+)
Talk: “Long Life of the Knight from La Mancha: Relevance of Don Quixote in our times” by Vibha Maurya and Film screening: “The knight Don Quixote” by Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
Synopsis: Prof. Vibha Maurya, the translator of Don Quixote into Hindi, will talk about the relevance of Don Quixote in modern times. We will also feature a film version of the second half of Cervantes’ s “Don Quixote”. With his noble squire by his side, a retired country gentleman sets out on an adventure to right the wrongs of the world. (+)
Free Entry. Talk in English, film in Spanish with English subtitles.
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Prof. Arun Kumar on Demonetization Largely Right Partly Wrong

December13, 2016 (C) Ravinder Singh progressindia2015@gmail.com
I almost entirely agree with Prof Arun Kumar regarding BLACK ECONOMY Three forms of Black Money – Black Income, Black Money & Black Wealth – and that GoI had attacked the pigmiest of all Black Money – not even 2% of GDP. His estimates of 62% of GDP also matches with BR Lal late JD of CBI calculations who too estimated black money in 50% to 60% of GDP range. He did mention about Under Reporting of Sales and Over Invoicing – but even the bigger are Moneylenders ‘Who Run Parallel Economy’ and Multi-Level Trade operating millions of fake companies ‘Laundering Black Money to White.’
Indian Economy is MISMANAGED and in DEEP TROUBLE
1.]  Liability of Center & States in 30 months increased by Rs.25,00,000 Cr by November08, 2016, 70% Contributed by Center.

2.]  Cheque Clearances declined from Rs.133,96,066 Cr in 2007-08 which was almost200% of GDP High Growth Year in all respects to Rs.81,86,079 Cr or 55% of GDP. Credit Card use helped in Generation of Black Money.

3.]  India registered Highest Growth rate when average Lending Rate was 14% and Fixed depositors were earning 8.5% interest rate. Reduction of Lending Rate to 9% and Fix Deposits to 7.5% – resulted in Bank Deposit growth of 22% to less than 9% – Just about 1.25% reduction resulted in Loss of Rs.1,00,000 Cr annual loss to Depositors & Banks each – Together with Reduction in Deposit Growth – 30 months IMPACT On Economy is Rs.5 Lakh Cr and Rs.15 lakh cr =Rs.20 Lakh Cr.

4.]  Foreign Trade was down – Impacting Economy by about $170b directly and more indirectly – say Rs.14,00,000 Cr.

5.]  Two Drought Years and Third ‘Note Bandi Year’ Food Prices were Unchecked Shot Up say 30% and Farmers income drop 20%. Rs.50 Lakh Black Economy in 30 months.

6.]  Flopped ‘Make in India’ – Exports of Engineering Goods declined from $64b to $60b and Electronics Goods from $7.8b to $5.9b in two years. Indian industry didn’t create IPR and exports are ‘Nothing in Value Addition Terms’ – say $20b which is not even 1% of GDP.

7.]  Organized sector Employment was ZERO in Vajpayee Rule – S. Gurumurthi LIED to AAJ TAK, is Zero this time also. JUST 48m or 4% of Population is Engaged in Organized sector and Even in this Over 50% are in Class IV Jobs not in IT Bracket – NOTHING WRONG WHEN 2% PAY IT. GoI didn’t INVEST IN MSMEs, Rural & Agro Industries BUT WANT TO MILK CALVES. Farmers are not Funded to STORE their produce, process and market it.

8.]  Arun Jaitley was MISLED – FUNDED Ambani & Adani and Wasteful Projects – Central Government Delayed Projects Rs.8 Lakh Cr, 50% Piyush Goyal That SANK The Economy.

Challenge is to Create WHITE ECONOMY – SBP Had Clear Prog.

Ravinder Singh, Inventor & Consultant, INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PROJECTS
Y-77, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, India. Ph; 091- 9871056471, 9718280435, 9650421857
Ravinder Singh* is a WIPO awarded inventor specializing in Power, Transportation,
Smart Cities, Water, Energy Saving, Agriculture, Manufacturing, Technologies and Projects

António Guterres of Portugal Takes Oath of Office as Next UN Secretary-General

António Guterres of Portugal Takes Oath of Office as Next Secretary-General, as General Assembly Pays Tribute to Outgoing United Nations Chief

António Guterres of Portugal was sworn in on 12 December 2016 as the next Secretary-General of the United Nations, with the General Assembly paying tribute to his predecessor, Ban Ki‑moon.
Against the backdrop of a more fragmented world and rising fear-based politics, the Secretary-General-designate pledged to build trust between people and their leaders and to reform the United Nations to better serve all people everywhere as his took his oath of office this morning in the General Assembly Hall before 193 Member States.
“It is time to reconstruct relations between people and leaders,” said Mr. Guterres, who will take the helm of the Organization on 1 January 2017 as its ninth Secretary-General.  Laying out his vision for the five-year term, he said conflicts had recently become more complex while global terrorism had emerged alongside “megatrends” such as climate change, population growth, rapid urbanization, food insecurity and water scarcity.  The world had also seen extraordinary technological progress and globalization that had contributed to growing inequalities.
“A lot of people have been left behind,” he said.  Millions had lost their jobs in developed countries and youth unemployment had multiplied.  Globalization had broadened the reach of organized crime and trafficking, further deepening the divide between people.  Many voters were now rejecting the status quo, as they had lost confidence not only in their Governments, but also in the United Nations.
The Organization would have to be ready to overcome its shortcomings, he continued.  From the crises in South Sudan, Syria, Yemen and elsewhere to long‑running disputes, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the world needed creative diplomacy.  Pledging to focus on peace, supporting sustainable development and managing the Organization, he emphasized the need to support men and women working in peace operations.  The United Nations also must do more to prevent and respond to appalling crimes of sexual violence and exploitation that had been committed under the United Nations flag.
Outlining several ways he would reform the inner workings of the Organization, he said building consensus must centre on simplification, decentralization and flexibility.  “We will build on existing efforts and implement the recent initiatives,” he said.  Pointing out that some United Nations staff and budgetary rules and regulations had seemed designed to prevent, rather than enable, the effective delivery of its mandates, he underscored that it benefitted no one to wait nine months to deploy a staff member to the field.
The United Nations, Mr. Guterres said, needed to be nimble, efficient and effective.  It should focus more on delivery and less on process, more on people and less on bureaucracy, he said.  A culture of accountability required strong performance management and effective protection for whistle-blowers, but it was not enough just to do better.  “We must be able to communicate better about what we do, in ways that everybody understands,” he said.
Mr. Guterres praised Mr. Ban for his tireless efforts in pushing unprecedented global progress in the areas of human rights, climate change and sustainable development during a decade fraught by crises.

United Nations Must Change as Global Challenges Surpass Its Ability to respond, Secretary-General-designate Tells General Assembly while Taking Oath of Office

Following are UN Secretary-General-designate António Guterres’ remarks to the General Assembly on taking the oath of office, in New York on 12 December 2016:
Thank you very much for all your kind words.  I am deeply honoured by the trust and confidence Member States have placed in me, and determined to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter.
First of all, I would like to pay tribute to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.  Secretary-General, your principled leadership has helped to chart the future of the United Nations — through the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; through your commitment to peace and security; through your initiative to put human rights at the heart of our work.  Under your direction, the world committed to the historic Paris Agreement on climate change — and ratified it in record time.  I strongly believe this momentum is unstoppable.  Dear Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, it is an honour to follow in your steps, defending the same values that unite us.  Thank you very much.
Twenty-one years ago, when I took the oath of office to become Prime Minister of Portugal, the world was riding a wave of optimism.  The cold war had ended, and some described that as the end of history.  They believed we would live in a peaceful, stable world with economic growth and prosperity for all.  But, the end of the cold war wasn’t the end of history.  On the contrary, history had simply been frozen in some places.  When the old order melted away, history came back with a vengeance.
Hidden contradictions and tensions resurfaced.  New wars multiplied and old ones reignited.  Lack of clarity in power relations led progressively to greater unpredictability and impunity.  Conflicts have become more complex — and interlinked — than ever before.  They produce horrific violations of international humanitarian law and human rights abuses.  People have been forced to flee their homes on a scale unseen in decades.  And a new threat has emerged — global terrorism.  Megatrends — including climate change, population growth, rapid urbanization, food insecurity and water scarcity — have increased competition for resources and heightened tensions and instability.
At the same time, the last 20 years have seen extraordinary technological progress.  The global economy has grown; basic social indicators have improved.  The proportion of people living in absolute poverty has fallen dramatically.  But, globalization and technological progress have also contributed to growing inequalities.  A lot of people have been left behind, even including in developed countries where millions of old jobs have disappeared and new ones are out of reach for many.  In many parts, youth unemployment has exploded.  And globalization has also broadened the reach of organized crime and trafficking.
All this has deepened the divide between people and political establishments.  In some countries, we have seen growing instability, social unrest — even violence and conflict.  A little bit everywhere, voters now tend to reject the status quo, and whatever Government proposal is put to a referendum.  Many have lost confidence not only in their Governments, but in global institutions — including the United Nations.
Fear is driving the decisions of many people around the world.  We must understand their anxieties and meet their needs, without losing sight of our universal values.  It is time to reconstruct relations between people and leaders — national and international; time for leaders to listen and show that they care, about their own people and about the global stability and solidarity on which we all depend.  And it is time for the United Nations to do the same:  to recognize its shortcomings and to reform the way it works.  This Organization is the cornerstone of multilateralism, and has contributed to decades of relative peace.  But, the challenges are now surpassing our ability to respond.  The United Nations must be ready to change.
Our most serious shortcoming — and here I refer to the entire international community — is our inability to prevent crises.  The United Nations was born from war.  Today, we must be here for peace.
The United Nations system has not yet done enough to prevent and respond to the appalling crimes of sexual violence and exploitation committed under the UN flag against those we are supposed to protect.  I will work closely with Member States on structural, legal and operational measures to make the zero-tolerance policy for which Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has fought so hard a reality.  We must ensure transparency and accountability and offer protection and effective remedies to the victims.
The second key element of the reform agenda concerns the United Nations support to Member States in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the objectives of the Paris Agreement, an expression of global solidarity, with their promise to leave no one behind.  To do this, we will reposition development at the centre of our work, and engage in a comprehensive reform of the United Nations development system, at Headquarters and country levels.  This must involve leadership, coordination, delivery and accountability.  We will build on the outcome of the recent discussions among Member States.
We must also bring the humanitarian and development spheres closer together from the very beginning of a crisis to support affected communities, address structural and economic impacts and help prevent a new spiral of fragility and instability.  Humanitarian response, sustainable development and sustaining peace are three sides of the same triangle.
This approach relates to the new way of working agreed at the World Humanitarian Summit.  To achieve this, we need more accountability, on the level of each individual agency carrying out its mandate, but also its contribution to the work of the United Nations system and of the system as a whole.  A strong culture of accountability also requires effective and independent evaluation mechanisms.
The third key area is management reform.  We will build on existing efforts and implement the recent initiatives that were approved.  But, looking at United Nations staff and budgetary rules and regulations, one might think that some of them were designed to prevent, rather than enable, the effective delivery of our mandates.
We need to create a consensus around simplification, decentralization and flexibility.  It benefits no one if it takes nine months to deploy a staff member to the field.  The United Nations needs to be nimble, efficient and effective.  It must focus more on delivery and less on process; more on people and less on bureaucracy.  A culture of accountability also requires strong performance management and effective protection for whistle-blowers.
And it is not enough just to do better.  We must be able to communicate better about what we do, in ways that everybody understands.  We need a substantial reform of our communications strategy, upgrading our tools and platforms to reach people around the world.
Finally, management reform must ensure we reach gender parity sooner rather than later.  The initial target for the equal representation of women and men among United Nations staff was the year 2000.  Sixteen years later, we are far from that goal.  I pledge to respect gender parity from the start in all my appointments to the Senior Management Group and the Chief Executives Board.
By the end of my mandate, we should reach full gender parity at the Under-Secretary-General and Assistant Secretary-General levels, including special representatives and special envoys.  We need a clear road map with benchmarks and time frames to achieve parity across the system, well before the target year of 2030.  And the same concern applies to regional diversity.
Finally, any investment in a stronger United Nations must take staff into account.  I look forward to working once again alongside over 85,000 men and women carrying out our mandate in 180 countries across the globe.  Many of them work in difficult and sometimes dangerous circumstances.  With their professionalism, expertise and dedication, they are the United Nations’ most important resource, a resource that has to be cared for, developed and used efficiently, and whose voice needs to be heard.
We live in a complex world.  The United Nations cannot succeed alone.  Partnership must continue to be at the heart of our strategy.  We should have the humility to acknowledge the essential role of other actors while maintaining full awareness of our unique convening power.
Our humanitarian and development efforts would be insignificant without the active involvement of Member States and the contributions of civil society, international financial institutions, private investors and even financial markets.  Several mediation efforts and peace operations would not be possible without the engagement of regional organizations, particularly the African Union, our most relevant international regional partner, both in peace and security and in development.
Today´s paradox is that, despite greater connectivity, societies are becoming more fragmented.  More and more people live within their own bubbles, unable to appreciate their links with the whole human family.  In the end, it comes down to values, as was said so many times today.  We want the world our children inherit to be defined by the values enshrined in the United Nations Charter:  peace, justice, respect, human rights, tolerance and solidarity.  All major religions embrace these principles, and we strive to reflect them in our daily lives.
But, the threats to these values are most often based on fear.  Our duty to the peoples we serve is to work together to move from fear of each other, to trust in each other.  Trust in the values that bind us and trust in the institutions that serve and protect us.
My contribution to the United Nations will be aimed at inspiring that trust, as I do my best to serve our common humanity.  Thank you very much.

United Nations Secretary-General-designate at Press Encounter

New York on 12 December
After 10 years of serving the most vulnerable of the vulnerable, refugees fleeing from all conflicts around the world, it is an enormous privilege and I feel humbled for this opportunity to go on serving the international community.  I believe it is high time to reconcile the people with political leaders and international organizations, to rebuild trust in our international community.
I feel that we need to put prevention in the centre of our work, to make sure that we bring together peace and development, together with human rights, and make sure that these three pillars of the UN are seen as a combination, are seen in an integrated manner in everything we do.  And we need a surge in the diplomacy for peace when we see this multiplication of new conflicts and the old conflicts that seem never to die.  At the same time, we need to make sure that we are able to reform — to reform our peace architecture from prevention to the solution of conflicts to peacekeeping to peacebuilding and to long-term development.  And simultaneously, to mobilize the entire UN system, reforming the UN development system to be able to support Member States as they will do their best to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and to make sure that the Paris Agreement becomes a reality, allowing us all to tame climate change.  Simultaneously, to make sure that human rights will be able to prevail in our common world.  And that the UN is able to reform itself, to become more nimble, more flexible, with processes more simplified and decentralized and more able to be effective and cost-effective in the service of mankind.
This is a very ambitious agenda, an agenda that must be an agenda for both women and men, and that is why parity is so important in our reform perspectives and that is why the empowerment of women is so important in everything the UN will be doing around the world.
As I said, I feel humbled with this opportunity and the only thing I want is to be able to correspond to the expectations that you put in me, serving our common humanity.
I am [at] your disposal for a few questions.
Q & A:
Question:  Thank you, your Excellency.  It’s Pamela Falk from CBS News.
Secretary-General-designate:  Without excellencies.
Question:  Yes.  [laughter]  All right.  Secretary-General-designate, Pamela Falk, CBS News.  My question to you is how do you plan to shake up the UN in order to restore confidence, as you said?  And what would be your message if and when you meet with the President-elect of the United States?  Thank you.
Secretary-General-designate:  Well, to restore confidence, I think the first thing that is important is to tell the truth.  Sometimes the truth is ignored in political relations around the world.  And when people talk to each other, the truth is that many times there are different perceptions about each other.  To tell the truth is the only way to re-establish confidence in human relations.  It’s the only way to re-establish confidence in international relations.  And I believe it is with truth that I need to engage with all Governments in the world and, of course, also with the next Government of the United States, showing a clear will to cooperate in relation to the enormous challenges that we’ll be facing together.
Question:  Your most immediate challenge is going to be the situation in Aleppo.  Your predecessor has been insistent that there is no military solution there, yet Aleppo’s days away from falling.  Would you do anything differently?  What do you think must be done?
Secretary-General-designate:  Well, obviously, I think it is very important in relation to the Syrian crisis, Aleppo and the Syrian crisis in general, but also other crises that we are facing.  It is very important to mobilize all efforts in order to be able to have what I call the surge of diplomacy for peace.
And my intention is to serve, is to be available, to help bridge the relations between the key stakeholders in the conflict, to be an honest broker, creating the conditions for confidence, also to be re-established in relation to those [actors/stakeholders] that are more relevant in each of these conflicts.
I know the Secretary-General is not the leader of the world.  I know that the role of the Secretary-General is just to be conceived as an added value.  The primacy of the work comes to Member States.  But I will be there to support all Member States that, using goodwill, understand that now it’s time to bring those conflicts to an end.
I remember when I was in school and I was reading history books; all wars had a winner.  We are now facing wars in which nobody wins.  Everybody’s losing.  And if you look at the Syria crisis, the Syria crisis is not only a tragedy for the Syrian people that is suffering in a horrible way, and the Syrian people that I will never forget was extremely generous hosting refugees from around the country in an extremely open and positive way.
So it’s not only a terrible suffering for the Syrian people; it became a factor for instability in the region that we all recognize, and it is clearly one of the elements that has more dramatically contributed to this new threat of global terrorism.
So this is a war in which everybody’s losing, not only in the region but around the world.  And so whatever the contradictions that exist between Member States, whatever the different perspectives that might exist, I think that there is a value that is above all.  The value of peace in Syria corresponds to a necessity for us all, and I hope I will be able to bring people together to this understanding.
As I said, this is a war in which nobody’s winning.  This is a war in which everybody’s losing.  This became a threat for everybody around the world.  It’s high time to put an end to this nonsense.
Question:  [in Portuguese]  Antes de mais parabéns.  Gostava de lhe perguntar como é que antecipa a relação das Nações Unidas com um dos países mais influentes ao nível da comunidade internacional, os Estados Unidos, sobre a nova administração…?
Secretary-General-designate:  [in Portuguese]  Com a necessidade para mim evidente em relação a todas, a todos os contactos que temos com quaisquer outros países a necesiddade de estabelecer uma plataforma de cooperação, baseada na vontade que temos de reformar as Nações Unidas, de fazer das Nações Unidas uma organização mais eficiente, com maior capacidade de responder às necessidades do mundo presente e que seja um valor acrescentado para todos incluindo para os interesses das principais potências e nomeadamente aquela que nos acolhe aqui em Nova Iorque.
Question:  You have laid out quite a large agenda.  Would you please lay out the first 100 days in office?  What are the most important items on this agenda?
Secretary-General-designate:  Sorry?
Question:  The 100… the most important items on the agenda for the 100 first days of office.
Secretary-General-designate:  I think that one very important element of the agenda will be to give a clear signal that gender parity is a must, and so, in the appointments I’ll be making, and the first ones will be announced soon, you will see that gender parity will become a clear priority from top to bottom in the UN.  And it will have to be respected by all.
Question:  Your Excellency, I’m from China Central Television.  My question is, what do you think about China’s role in the UN?  What’s your expectation for cooperation between China and the UN?
Secretary-General-designate:  In my recent visit to China, it was very clear the commitment of the Chinese President and the Chinese Government to multilateralism, to strengthen multilateral institutions around the world.  And the recent announcements made by China in relation to both the creation of funds, the creation of a new bank, the One Belt, One Road initiative all show that China is strongly engaged in creating or helping create the conditions for an effective multilateral approach to global development, leaving no one behind, as it is the objective of Agenda 2030.
Thank you very much.  Thank you.

Secretary-General Wishes Peace, Prosperity to Successor, Member States, in General Assembly Tribute Statement

Following are UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remarks to the General Assembly plenary meeting to pay tribute to the Secretary-General and the taking of the oath of office by Secretary-General-designate António Guterres, in New York on 12 December:
Thank you for your very kind words and for your trust.  I am deeply moved by your tributes.  Serving as Secretary-General of this great organization, has been a great privilege for me of a lifetime.
As some of you said, I am a child of the United Nations.  After the Korean War, United Nations aid fed us.  United Nations textbooks taught us.  United Nations global solidarity showed us we were not alone.  For me, the power of the United Nations was never abstract or academic.  It is the story of my life, and many Korean people.  It is a story of many millions, and millions of people around the world, many children, young boys and girls.  This profound appreciation grew even stronger every day during my service with the United Nations.
For the past 10 years, I have been honoured to serve alongside the many courageous, dedicated and talented women and men of the United Nations.  I have seen the power of international cooperation in taking on our most pressing challenges, and I have seen the United Nations open its doors wider than ever to civil society and many partners to help us transform our world.
Together, we have faced years filled with challenge:  the worst financial collapse since the Great Depression; eruptions of conflict and uprisings for freedom; record numbers of people fleeing war, persecution and poverty; disruptions brought by disease, disasters and a rapidly warming planet.  This turmoil tested us.  Despite huge difficulties, we helped save lives and protect tens of millions.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change have opened a pathway to a safer, more just and peaceful world for all of us.  The empowerment of women took great strides during these years.  Youth took on new levels of leadership.  New mindsets took hold.  Day by day, brick by brick, we built stronger foundations for peace and progress.  Yet, so much suffering and strife endure.
So many women and children face violence and exploitation.  So many people face hatred solely because of who they are, and so many problems have proven intractable — none more than the bloodshed in Syria and the upheaval it spawned.
As I contemplate how well we have upheld that responsibility across a decade in office, a kaleidoscope of faces is at the forefront of my mind — memories of my visits to the front lines of human need and the frontiers of human progress.
I have maintained a focus on people’s dignity and rights — the pillars of our common humanity.  I have sought to stand up for the vulnerable and those left behind today.  And I have tried to be sure that we are doing all we can so that future generations can live in peace.
Even as I prepare to leave, my heart will stay as it has since I was a child — right here with the United Nations.  And that heart is greatly comforted knowing that I am passing the baton to Secretary-General António Guterres, a man of integrity and principle.  I have no doubt that he, with his passion and compassion, will successfully navigate many complex challenges and steer the Organization to new and higher heights.
I would also like to express my most profound appreciation to my home country, the Korean people and the Government.  Their wholehearted support for the past 10 years has been a great source of encouragement in working proudly for peace, development and human rights across the world.  I also take this opportunity to express my deepest thanks to Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson for his outstanding leadership and compassion for humanity.  Thank you, and thank you to many other hardworking staff.
In closing, I wish the new Secretary-General, and all of our Member States, peace, prosperity and every success.  It has been an honour to serve our United Nations, and work together with you, and for “We the peoples”.  I thank you all for your support and your continued commitment to the noble purposes and principles of the United Nations.

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United Nations Information Centre 
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