Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Punjab Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of all 117 newly elected MLAs in the Punjab 2017 Assembly Elections.




Final Party Positions in 2017 Punjab Assembly Elections
Party
Total Seats Won
Bharatiya Janata Party
3
Indian National Congress
77
Aam Aadmi Party
20
Shiromani Akali Dal
15
Lok Insaaf Party
2
Total
117

 

Criminal background

·         MLAs with criminal cases: Out of the 117 MLAs analysed, 16(14%) MLAs have declared criminal cases against themselves. Out of 117 MLAs analysed during Punjab Assembly elections in 201219 (16%) MLAs haddeclared criminal cases against themselves.
·         MLAs with serious criminal cases: 11(9%) MLAs have declared serious criminal cases including cases related to murder, attempt to murder, dacoity, robbery etc. Out of 117 MLAs analysed during Punjab Assembly elections in 20125 (4%) MLAs had declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
                                                             Figure: Comparison of MLAs with declared criminal cases in 2012 and 2017

·         MLAs with cases related to murder and attempt to murderMLAs have declared cases related tomurder and attempt to murder. Out of the total 3, MLAs are from INC and 1 is from Lok Insaaf Party.
·         MLAs with cases related to crimes against women: MLA has declared cases related to crimes against women. Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria of INC from Raja Sansi constituency.
·         Party wise MLAs with criminal cases: (12%) out of 77 MLAs from INC, 4 (20%) out of 20 MLAs from AAP, 1 (7%) out of 15 MLAs from SAD and 2 (100%) out of 2 MLAs Lok Insaaf Party have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
·         Party wise MLAs with serious criminal cases: (9%) out of 77 MLAs from INC, 1 (5%) out of 20 MLAs from AAP, 1 (7%) out of 15 MLAs from SAD and 2 (100%) out of 2 MLAs Lok Insaaf Party have declared serious criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.

Financial background












·         Share of wealth among candidates : The share of wealth amongst MLAs contesting in Punjab assembly elections 2017 as follows:
Value of assets (Rs)
No of MLAs
% of MLAs
5 crores and above
59
50%
1 crores to 5 crores
36
31%
25 lakhs to 1 crores
14
12%
less than 25 lakhs
8
7%
Table: Share of wealth amongst MLAs
·         High asset MLAs*:  The top three MLAs with high assets are given below:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
KAPURTHALA
KAPURTHALA
INC
1,09,25,25,000
60,64,35,000
1,69,89,60,000
 169 Crore+
Y
2
FAZILKA
JALALABAD
SAD
43,35,33,204
58,72,28,318
1,02,07,61,522
 102 Crore+
Y
3
KAPURTHALA
BHOLATH
AAP
1,02,32,582
65,80,00,000
66,82,32,582 
 66 Crore+
Y
Table: Top three MLAs with highest declared assets
*Total Assets includes income of self, spouse and dependents.
·         Crorepati MLAsOut of the 117 newly elected MLAs, 95 (81%) are crorepatis. Out of 117 MLAs analysed during Punjab 2012 assembly elections103 (88%) MLAs were crorepatis.





                                                                                                                      

·         Low asset MLAs: 3 MLAs in Punjab with lowest assets are as follows:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
BATHINDA
BATHINDA RURAL (SC)
AAP
1,74,831
0
1,74,831 
 1 Lacs+
N
2
SANGRUR
MEHAL KALAN (SC)
AAP
2,70,448
0
2,70,448 
 2 Lacs+
Y
3
BARNALA
BHADAUR (SC)
AAP
3,02,457
0
3,02,457 
 3 Lacs+
Y
Table: Three MLAs with lowest declared assets
·         Party wise crorepati MLAs: 67 (87%) out of 77 MLAs from INC, 15 (100%) out of 15 MLAs from SAD,8 (40%) out of 20 MLAs from AAP, 3 (100%) out of 3 MLAs from BJP and 2 (100%) out of 2 MLAs from Lok Insaaf Party have declared assets valued more than Rs 1 crore.

·         Average assets: The average of assets per MLA who won in the Punjab 2017 assembly elections is Rs. 11.78 crores whereas the average asset for each candidate who contested in the 2017 assembly elections was Rs. 3.49 croresIn 2012, the average assets per 117 MLAs analyzed was Rs. 10.10 crores.
Figure: Comparative analysis of average assets of MLAs and contesting candidates in 2012 & 2017
·         Party wise average assets: Among major parties, the average assets per MLA for 77 INC MLAs analysed isRs 12.43 crores20 AAP MLAs have average assets of Rs 8.33 crores, 15 SAD MLAs have average assets worthRs. 14.54 crores, 3 BJP MLAs have average assets worth Rs. 5.20 crores and 2 Lok Insaaf Party MLAs have average assets of Rs. 10.14 crores

·         MLAs with high liabilities: The top three MLAs with highest liabilities are as given below:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets(Rs)
Liabilities (Rs)
Disputed liabilities (Rs)
PAN Given
1
KAPURTHALA
KAPURTHALA
INC
1,09,25,25,000 
 109 Crore+
60,64,35,000 
 60 Crore+
1,69,89,60,000 
 169 Crore+
81,71,22,000 
 81 Crore+


Y
2
FAZILKA
JALALABAD
SAD
43,35,33,204 
 43 Crore+
58,72,28,318 
 58 Crore+
1,02,07,61,522 
 102 Crore+
# 39,86,61,119 
 39 Crore+
6,69,000 
 6 Lacs+
Y
3
SANGRUR
SUNAM
AAP
16,68,99,000 
 16 Crore+
49,19,62,000 
 49 Crore+
65,88,61,000 
 65 Crore+
15,48,84,000 
 15 Crore+


Y
Table: Top three MLAs with high liabilities
Disputed liabilities



·         MLAs who have not declared PAN details: 2 (2%) MLAs have not declared PAN details. They are as follows:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
AMRITSAR
BABA BAKALA (SC)
INC
18,87,024
18,00,000
36,87,024 
 36 Lacs+
N
2
BATHINDA
BATHINDA RURAL (SC)
AAP
1,74,831
0
1,74,831 
 1 Lacs+
N
Table: MLAs who have not declared PAN details
·         MLAs with high income as declared in ITR*: 6 MLAs have declared total annual income of more thanRs 1 croreThe top three MLAs with high declared total annual income are given below:
S.No.
Name
Party Name
Constituency
District Name
Total Asset (Rs)
The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by MLA
Total income shown by MLA in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)
Self income shown by MLA in ITR (Rs)
1
INC
AMRITSAR EAST
AMRITSAR
45,90,98,908  
45 Crore+
2015-2016
9,90,99,930  
9 Crore+
9,66,28,470  
9 Crore+
2
AAP
SUNAM
SANGRUR
65,88,61,000  
65 Crore+
2015-2016
4,23,91,349 
 4 Crore+
1,52,33,276  
1 Crore+
3
INC
KAPURTHALA
KAPURTHALA
1,69,89,60,000  
169 Crore+
2015-2016
2,98,06,967  
2 Crore+
2,93,67,212 
 2 Crore+
Table: MLAs with high income as declared in income tax returns
 *Total income includes income of self, spouse and dependents
·         MLAs who have not declared Income Tax Details*: 10 (9%) MLAs out of 117 analyzed have not declared income tax details.
* Some MLAs may be exempted from filing Income Tax Returns
·         Crorepati MLAs who have not declared Income Tax Details*: MLAs with assets worth more than Rs 1 crore have not declared their income tax details. They are as follows:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Total Income (Rs)
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
Self Income
1
BATHINDA
MAUR
AAP
0
27,81,630
4,00,00,000
4,27,81,630 4 Crore+
Y
ITR not filed
2
MOGA
DHARAMKOT
INC
0
1,04,55,268
3,08,65,000
4,13,20,268 4 Crore+
Y
ITR not filed
3
MOGA
BHAGHA PURANA TEHSIL
INC
0
25,75,424*
1,00,00,000*
1,25,75,424 1 Crore+
Y
ITR not filed
Table: Top three MLAs with highest assets who have not declared ITR details
* on assets value indicates that the candidate has not provided the total in their affidavits, it has been calculated on the basis of details provided by them in the same
* Some candidates may be exempted from filing Income Tax Return
·         Education Details of MLAs:  45 (38%) MLAs have declared their education qualification to be between5th pass and 12th pass while 70 (60%) MLAs have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above.

·         Age details of MLAs: 51 (44%) MLAs have declared their age to be between 25 and 50 years while 65 (56%) MLAs have declared their age to be between 51 and 80 years. 1 MLA is above 80 years of age.

·         Gender details of MLAs: Out of 117 MLAs, 6 (5%) MLAs are women. In 2012, out of 117 MLAs, 14 (12%) MLAs were women.

​Thanks & Regards
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IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)
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IIM Bangalore
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